Global Security Glossary – W –



War crime: an action ordered or authorized by leaders of a country engaged in a war, or carried out by its military personnel with or without such orders, that violates internationally accepted rules governing the conduct of war. War crimes include wanton killing of civilians, harsh treatment of prisoners, and use of chemical and biological weapons banned by treaties and agreements.

War gaming: is a process, adapted from the military, in which teams or individuals, representing the company and its competitors, simulate a business situation and act out the roles of decision makers in timed phases. Comparison between the results leads to the next stage. This continues until at least one feasible Strategy, counter-strategy, plan of action, or solution emerges. War gaming is very effective in industries undergoing high rates of change. Sometimes referred to as Competitive simulation, a Strategy game or, Virtual competition.

Web 2.0: the term “Web 2.0” describes the changing trends in the use of World Wide Web technology and web design that aim to enhance creativity, communications, secure information sharing, collaboration and functionality of the web. Web 2.0 concepts have led to the development and evolution of web culture communities and hosted services, such as social-networking sites, video sharing sites, wikis, blogs, and folksonomies.

Weapons of mass destruction (WMD): any destructive device that is intended or capable of causing death or serious injury to a large number of people through the release, dissemination, or impact of toxic or poisonous chemicals or their precursors, disease-causing organisms, radiation or radioactivity, or conventional explosives sufficient for widespread lethality. See nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons (NBC).

Web mob: a criminal organization that operates exclusively online, selling stolen and counterfeit credit card numbers, e-mail accounts, and other forms of personal identification.

Whistle blower: an individual who believes the public interest overrides the interests of the organization and publicly reveals the organization’s illegal, fraudulent, or harmful activity.

White Collar Crime: a general term relating broadly to a wide variety of specific crimes, e.g., consumer fraud, illegal competition, deceptive practices, check and credit card fraud, tax evasion, bankruptcy fraud, bribes, kickbacks, pay-offs, computer-related crime, pilferage, insurance fraud, fencing stolen property, securities fraud, and similar offenses. White collar crime is a non-violent crime that involves deceit, corruption, or breach of trust.

Working capital:  the excess of current assets over current liabilities. Excess current assets are called working capital because they are used for carrying on business operations.

Workplace violence: a broad range of behaviors falling along a spectrum that, due to their nature and/or severity, significantly affect the workplace, generate a concern for personal safety, or result in physical injury or death.

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