Global Security Glossary – O –



Object protection: protection for objects of value, such as cash, bonds, jewelry, art work, files, and safes that could be removed from a protected area.

Observer informant: a person nearby or close to criminal activity who can report what he or she sees.

“Open” buildings: access is typically unrestricted at the building entry level. Tenants, building employees and visitors proceed directly to their destination floor, via building elevators, where the occupier of that space determines the level of entry control and security. Open buildings may provide a concierge or security desk at the street-level to provide directions and deter access by “undesirables” (if they are easily identifiable as such) and to implement security procedures for messengers and delivery persons, and contractors.

Operational intelligence: the intelligence acquired for planning and executing operations in accord with a coherent strategy

Opportunity reduction: a concept which holds that three ingredients must be present for a crime to be committed: (1) there must be a desire or motivation on the part of the criminal to commit the crime, (2) the criminal must possess the skills, knowledge, and tools needed to commit the crime, and (3) there must be an opportunity for the criminal to act. The first two ingredients are difficult to affect in any meaningful preventive way. The third ingredient, however, can be impacted through a variety of preventive actions.

Organic organization: a form of organizational structure suitable for operating under unstable, changing conditions. It is characterized by (1) constant reassessment of tasks, assignments, and the use of organizational expertise, (2) authority, control and communications are frequently exercised on an ad hoc basis depending upon specific commitments and tasks, (3) communications and interactions between members are both very open and extensive, (4) leadership that stresses consultation and group decisional processes, and (5) greater commitment to the organization’s tasks and goals than to traditional hierarchical loyalty.

Organizational resilience (OR) management: systematic and coordinated activities and practices through which an organization manages its operational risks, and the associated potential threats and impacts therein. management program – an ongoing management and governance process supported by top management; resourced to ensure that the necessary steps are taken to identify the impact of potential losses; maintain viable recovery strategies and plans; and ensure continuity of functions/products/services through exercising, rehearsal, testing, training, maintenance, and assurance.

Outsourcing: the transfer of non-critical in-house support work to external vendors. Outsourcing is almost entirely driven by economic imperatives, e.g., reducing labor costs by replacing higher-paid regular employees with lower-paid temporary and contract employees. The replaced employees often provide support services that are useful but not critical to core operations.

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